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CLC number: TS201.4

On-line Access: 2016-09-07

Received: 2016-07-26

Revision Accepted: 2016-08-01

Crosschecked: 2016-08-08

Cited: 8

Clicked: 2661

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Sheng-rong Shen

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4096-1693

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2016 Vol.17 No.9 P.649-656

10.1631/jzus.B1600341


Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016): comments and comparisons


Author(s):  Shan-shan Wang, Sovichea Lay, Hai-ning Yu, Sheng-rong Shen

Affiliation(s):  Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   shrshen@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Dietary guidelines, Chinese Food Pagoda, Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top, Dietary Guidelines for Americans


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Shan-shan Wang, Sovichea Lay, Hai-ning Yu, Sheng-rong Shen. Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016): comments and comparisons[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2016, 17(9): 649-656.

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Abstract: 
A high quality diet is believed to play a functional role in promoting the healthy growth of mankind and preventing many kinds of chronic degenerative diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. Adherence to a high quality diet has been strongly associated with a lower risk of mortality. To help promote healthy lifestyles and physical strength, the Chinese government has produced a new revised version of the dietary guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016) and the chinese Food Pagoda, as guidance for dietary intake among its population. Similarly, the Japanese government has produced the japanese Food Guide Spinning Top Model, and the US government has recently published revised dietary recommendations in its 2015–2020 eighth edition of dietary guidelines for Americans. The evidence from all respective cohort studies involved in producing these guidelines shows a reduced risk of many chronic diseases and mortality if the guidelines are followed. All scientific findings support encouraging the general population to consume a broad variety of food on the basis of nutrient and food intakes in order to prevent deficiency diseases and a surplus of energy and nutrients, and recommend daily physical activity for health promotion.

中国居民膳食指南(2016):评价和比较

概要:高质量的膳食在促进人类健康成长和防治包括癌症、心血管疾病、糖尿病和肥胖在内的多种慢性疾病中起着重要的作用。坚持高质量的膳食能有效地降低死亡率。为了帮助形成健康的生活方式,增强体质,中国政府发布了新的中国居民膳食指南(2016)和膳食宝塔,用来指导居民膳食的摄入。同样,日本政府早期发布了日本膳食指南陀螺模型,美国政府最近也出版了修订后的第八版美国居民膳食指南(2015-2020)。与指南相关的同期证据表明,遵循指南进行膳食指导,许多慢性疾病的发病率和死亡率都会降低。所有的科学发现支持鼓励居民在保证营养和食物摄入的基础上消耗各种各样的食物以防止营养缺乏疾病以及能量和营养过剩,并且建议进行日常活动来保持身体健康。
关键词:膳食指南;中国膳食宝塔;日本膳食指南陀螺模型;美国居民膳食指南

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

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[3]Kurotani, K., Akter, S., Kashino, I., et al., 2016. Quality of diet and mortality among Japanese men and women: Japan Public Health Center based prospective study.  BMJ, 352:i1209.

[4]Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, 2005. Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top. Available from http://www.maff.go.jp/j/balance_guide/b_use/pdf/eng_reiari.pdf [Accessed on June 30, 2016].

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[9]US Department of Agriculture, 2015. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015–2020, 8th Edition. Available from http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines [Accessed on June 20, 201·6].

[10]Yu, D.X., Zhang, X.L., Xiang, Y.B., et al., 2014. Adherence to dietary guidelines and mortality: a report from prospective cohort studies of 134,000 Chinese adults in urban Shanghai. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 100(2):693-700.

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