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On-line Access: 2024-05-10

Received: 2023-04-06

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Crosschecked: 2024-05-10

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Xinliang GU


Yuejiao HUANG


Shaoqing JU


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2024 Vol.25 No.5 P.438-450


Transfer RNA-derived fragment tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD promotes progression of gastric cancer by targeting ACADSB

Author(s):  Yu ZHANG, Xinliang GU, Yang LI, Xun LI, Yuejiao HUANG, Shaoqing JU

Affiliation(s):  Medical School of Nantong University, Nantong University, Nantong 226001, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   huangyuejiao20@126.com, jsq814@hotmail.com

Key Words:  Transfer RNA (tRNA)‍, -derived small RNA (tsRNA), Gastric cancer (GC), Acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase short/branched chain (ACADSB), Molecular mechanism, Treatment, Ferroptosis

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Yu ZHANG, Xinliang GU, Yang LI, Xun LI, Yuejiao HUANG, Shaoqing JU. Transfer RNA-derived fragment tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD promotes progression of gastric cancer by targeting ACADSB[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2024, 25(5): 438-450.

@article{title="Transfer RNA-derived fragment tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD promotes progression of gastric cancer by targeting ACADSB",
author="Yu ZHANG, Xinliang GU, Yang LI, Xun LI, Yuejiao HUANG, Shaoqing JU",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Transfer RNA-derived fragment tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD promotes progression of gastric cancer by targeting ACADSB
%A Xinliang GU
%A Yang LI
%A Xun LI
%A Yuejiao HUANG
%A Shaoqing JU
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 25
%N 5
%P 438-450
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2024
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B2300215

T1 - Transfer RNA-derived fragment tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD promotes progression of gastric cancer by targeting ACADSB
A1 - Xinliang GU
A1 - Yang LI
A1 - Xun LI
A1 - Yuejiao HUANG
A1 - Shaoqing JU
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 25
IS - 5
SP - 438
EP - 450
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2024
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B2300215

gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common gastrointestinal tumors. As a newly discovered type of non-coding RNAs, transfer RNA (tRNA)‍;-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) play a dual biological role in cancer. Our previous studies have demonstrated the potential of tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for GC. In this work, we confirmed for the first time that tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD can promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of GC cells in vitro. The dual luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD could bind to the 3' untranslated region (UTR) site of acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase short/branched chain (ACADSB). In addition, ACADSB could rescue the effect of tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD on GC cells. Next, we used Gene Ontology (GO), the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) to find that downregulated ACADSB in GC may promote lipid accumulation by inhibiting fatty acid catabolism and ferroptosis. Finally, we verified the correlation between ACADSB and 12 ferroptosis genes at the transcriptional level, as well as the changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels by flow cytometry. In summary, this study proposes that tRF-23-Q99P9P9NDD may affect GC lipid metabolism and ferroptosis by targeting ACADSB, thereby promoting GC progression. It provides a theoretical basis for the diagnostic and prognostic monitoring value of GC and opens up new possibilities for treatment.


张玉1,2,3, 顾心亮1,2,3, 李洋1,2,3, 李洵1,2,3, 黄月皎1,4, 鞠少卿2
1南通大学医学院, 南通大学, 中国南通市, 226001
2南通大学附属医院检验科, 中国南通市, 226001
3南通大学附属医院临床医学研究中心, 中国南通市, 226001
4南通大学附属医院肿瘤科, 中国南通市, 226001


Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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