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CLC number: TN929.3

On-line Access: 2011-11-04

Received: 2010-11-03

Revision Accepted: 2011-04-06

Crosschecked: 2011-09-01

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE C 2011 Vol.12 No.11 P.932-941

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.C1000388


Funneling media access control (MAC) protocol for underwater acoustic sensor networks


Author(s):  Guang-yu Fan, Hui-fang Chen, Lei Xie, Kuang Wang

Affiliation(s):  Department of Information Science and Electronic Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China, School of Electronic Information, Shanghai Dianji University, Shanghai 200240, China

Corresponding email(s):   fgyright@126.com, chenhf@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs), Funneling media access control (MAC), Funneling effect, Three-way handshake


Guang-yu Fan, Hui-fang Chen, Lei Xie, Kuang Wang. Funneling media access control (MAC) protocol for underwater acoustic sensor networks[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science C, 2011, 12(11): 932-941.

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author="Guang-yu Fan, Hui-fang Chen, Lei Xie, Kuang Wang",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science C",
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number="11",
pages="932-941",
year="2011",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.C1000388"
}

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%T Funneling media access control (MAC) protocol for underwater acoustic sensor networks
%A Guang-yu Fan
%A Hui-fang Chen
%A Lei Xie
%A Kuang Wang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE C
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%N 11
%P 932-941
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.C1000388

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T1 - Funneling media access control (MAC) protocol for underwater acoustic sensor networks
A1 - Guang-yu Fan
A1 - Hui-fang Chen
A1 - Lei Xie
A1 - Kuang Wang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science C
VL - 12
IS - 11
SP - 932
EP - 941
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Y1 - 2011
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.C1000388


Abstract: 
Due to the characteristics of the underwater acoustic channel, such as long propagation delay and low available bandwidth, the media access control (MAC) protocol designed for underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs) is quite different from that for terrestrial wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we propose a MAC protocol for the UWASNs, named the funneling MAC (FMAC-U), which is a contention-based MAC protocol with a three-way handshake. The FMAC-U protocol uses an improved three-way handshake mechanism and code division multiple access (CDMA) based technology for request-to-send (RTS) signals transmitting to the sink in order that the sink can receive packets from multiple neighbors in a fixed order during each round of handshakes. The mechanism reduces the packet collisions and alleviates the funneling effect, especially alleviating the choke point of the UWASNs. Simulation results show that the proposed FMAC-U protocol achieves higher throughput, smaller packet drop ratio, lower end-to-end delay, and lower overhead of the control packet compared to the existing MAC protocols for UWASNs.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

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