Full Text:   <1079>

CLC number: U491

On-line Access: 

Received: 2001-07-10

Revision Accepted: 2001-12-19

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 3

Clicked: 3155

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Bio-Design and Manufacturing  2020 Vol.3 No.4 P.412~417


Car-following models of vehicular traffic

Author(s):  WENG Yan-lin, WU Tie-jun

Affiliation(s):  Institute of Intelligent Systems and Decision Making, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   ylweng@sina.com, tjwu@iipc.zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Car-following model, Stability analysis, Traffic control

Share this article to: More

WENG Yan-lin, WU Tie-jun. Car-following models of vehicular traffic[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science D, 2020, 3(4): 412~417.

@article{title="Car-following models of vehicular traffic",
author="WENG Yan-lin, WU Tie-jun",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science D",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Car-following models of vehicular traffic
%A WENG Yan-lin
%A WU Tie-jun
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE D
%V 3
%N 4
%P 412~417
%@ 1869-1951
%D 2020
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2002.0412

T1 - Car-following models of vehicular traffic
A1 - WENG Yan-lin
A1 - WU Tie-jun
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science D
VL - 3
IS - 4
SP - 412
EP - 417
%@ 1869-1951
Y1 - 2020
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2002.0412

The car-following models is a kind of microscopic simulation model for vehicular traffic, which describe the one-by-one following behaviors of vehicles in the same traffic lane. As a common traffic phenomenon, following behavior is of great importance in the micro-study of intelligent traffic control. Compared with other traffic-flow models, car-following model embodies the human factors and reflects the real traffic situation in a better way. This paper gives a systematic review of the development and actuality of car-following models by introducing and analyzing in detail the advantages and disadvantages of GHR model, OV model, CA model and fuzzy-logic model. In addition, local stability and asymptotic stability of car-following models are discussed in this paper.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Aycin, M. F., Benekohal, R. F., 2001. Stability and performance of car following models in congested traffic. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 127(1): 2-12.

[2] Boer, E. R., 1999. Car following from the driver's perspective. Transportation Research Part F, 2: 201-206.

[3] Brackstone, M., McDonald, M., Wu, J., 1997. Development of a fuzzy logic based microscopic motorway simulation model. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC97), Boston, USA.

[4] Brackstone, M., McDonald, M., 1999. Car-following: a historical review. Transportation Research (Part F), 2: 181-196.

[5] Ceder, A., May, Jr. A. D., 1976. Further evaluation of single and two-regime traffic flow models. Transportation Research Record, 567: 1-30.

[6] Chandler, R. E., Herman, R., Montroll, E. W., 1958. Traffic dynamics: studies in car following. Operations Research, 6:165-184.

[7] Chowdhury, D., Santen, L., Schadschneider, A., 2000. Statistical physics of vehicular traffic and some related Systems. Physics Reports 329:199-329.

[8] Edie, L. C., 1960. Car following and steady state theory for non-congested traffic. Operations Research, 9: 66-76.

[9] Erwin, R.B., 1999. Car following from the driver's perspective. Transportation Research (Part F), 2: 201-206.

[10] Gartner, N., Messer, C. J., Rathi, A., 1998. Car following, Traffic Flow Theory. TRB Special Report 1654: 1-39.

[11] Gazis, D. C., Herman, R., Potts, R. B., 1959. Car following theory of steady state traffic flow. Operations Research, 7: 499-505.

[12] Gipps, P. G., 1981. A behavioral car following model for computer simulation. Transportation Research (Part B), 15: 105-111.

[13] Hancock, P.A., 1999. Is car following the real question--are equations the answer? Transportation Research (Part F),2: 97-199.

[14] Herman, R., Montroll, E. W., Potts, R. B., Rothery, R. W. 1959. Traffic dynamics: analysis of stability in car Following. Operations Research, 7: 86-106.

[15] Kikuchi, C., Chakroborty, P., 1992. Car following model based on a fuzzy inference system. Transportation Research Record, 1365: 82-91.

[16] Kometani, E., Sasaki, T., 1959. Dynamic behavior of traffic with a nonlinear spacing-speed relationship. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Theory of Traffic Flow, Research Laboratories, General Motors, Elsevier, p.105-119.

[17] Sugiyama, Y., Yamada, H., 1998. Aspects of Optimal Velocity Model for Traffic Flow. In: Proceedings of International Workshop of Traffic and Granular Flow'97, Springer, Singapore, p.301-318.

[18] Winsum, W. V., 1999. The human element in car following models. Transportation Research (Part F), 2: 207-211.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE