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Received: 2003-06-27

Revision Accepted: 2003-09-26

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2004 Vol.5 No.11 P.1449~1455

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2004.1449


Hierarchical planning for a surface mounting machine placement


Author(s):  ZENG You-jiao, MA Deng-zhe, JIN Ye, YAN Jun-qi

Affiliation(s):  CIM Research Institute, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200030, China

Corresponding email(s):   zyj107@sjtu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Printed circuit board, Surface mounting machine, Hierarchical planning, Feeder assignment, Placement


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ZENG You-jiao, MA Deng-zhe, JIN Ye, YAN Jun-qi. Hierarchical planning for a surface mounting machine placement[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2004, 5(11): 1449~1455.

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Abstract: 
For a surface mounting machine (SMM) in printed circuit board (PCB) assembly line, there are four problems, e.g. CAD data conversion, nozzle selection, feeder assignment and placement sequence determination. A hierarchical planning for them to maximize the throughput rate of an SMM is presented here. To minimize set-up time, a CAD data conversion system was first applied that could automatically generate the data for machine placement from CAD design data files. Then an effective nozzle selection approach implemented to mminimize the time of nozzle changing. And then, to minimize picking time, an algorithm for feeder assignment was used to make picking multiple components simultaneously as much as possible. Finally, in order to shorten pick-and-place time, a heuristic algorithm was used to determine optimal component placement sequence according to the decided feeder positions. Experiments were conducted on a four head SMM. The experimental results were used to analyse the assembly line performance.

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Reference

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[3] Burke, E.K., Cowling, P.I., Keuthen, R., 2000. Effective Heuristic and Metaheuristic Approaches to Optimize Component Placement in Printed Circuit Board Assembly. Proceeding of the IEEE Conference on Evolutionary Computation. La Jolla, CA, USA, 1:301-308.

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[5] Laarhoven, P.V., Zijm, W., 1993. Production preparation and numerical control in PCB assembly. International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, 5(3):187-207.

[6] Lee, S.H., Hong, J.M., Kim, D.W., Lee, B.H., 1997. An Effective Algorithm for a Surface Mounting Machine in Printed Circuit Board Assembly. Proceeding of the IEEE conference on Intelligent Robotics Systems 97. Grenoble, France, 2:932-937.

[7] Lee, S.H., Park, T.H., Lee, B.H., Kwon, W.H., Kwon, W., 1998. A Dynamic Programming Approach to a Reel Assignment Problem of a Surface Mounting Machine in Printed Circuit Board Assembly. Proceeding of IEEE International Conference on Robotics & Automation. Leuven, Belgium, 1:227-232.

[8] Leipala, T., Nevalainen, O., 1989. Optimization of the movements of a component placement machine. European Journal of Operation Research, 38(2):167-177.

[9] Yu, S., Sohn, J., Park, S., Oh, B.J., 1997. Efficient operation of a multi-functional surface mounting device. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 33(3-4):797-800.

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