Full Text:   <3749>

CLC number: TB302

On-line Access: 2012-02-27

Received: 2011-08-10

Revision Accepted: 2011-10-21

Crosschecked: 2012-02-07

Cited: 3

Clicked: 4272

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2012 Vol.13 No.3 P.159-164


Finite element analysis on the static and fatigue characteristics of composite multi-leaf spring

Author(s):  Joo-teck Jeffrey Kueh, Tarlochan Faris

Affiliation(s):  Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Selangor 43000, Malaysia

Corresponding email(s):   tjeffrey@uniten.edu.my

Key Words:  Leaf spring, Composites, Finite element, Stress, Deflection, Fatigue

Share this article to: More |Next Article >>>

Joo-teck Jeffrey Kueh, Tarlochan Faris. Finite element analysis on the static and fatigue characteristics of composite multi-leaf spring[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2012, 13(3): 159-164.

@article{title="Finite element analysis on the static and fatigue characteristics of composite multi-leaf spring",
author="Joo-teck Jeffrey Kueh, Tarlochan Faris",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Finite element analysis on the static and fatigue characteristics of composite multi-leaf spring
%A Joo-teck Jeffrey Kueh
%A Tarlochan Faris
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 13
%N 3
%P 159-164
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2012
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1100212

T1 - Finite element analysis on the static and fatigue characteristics of composite multi-leaf spring
A1 - Joo-teck Jeffrey Kueh
A1 - Tarlochan Faris
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 13
IS - 3
SP - 159
EP - 164
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2012
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1100212

This paper investigated the static and fatigue behaviors of steel and composite multi-leaf spring using the ANSYS V12 software. The dimensions of an existing conventional leaf spring of a light commercial vehicle were used. The same dimensions were used to design composite multi-leaf spring for the two materials, E-glass fiber/epoxy and E-glass fiber/vinyl ester, which are of great interest to the transportation industry. Main consideration was given to the effects of material composition and its fiber orientation on the static and fatigue behaviors of leaf spring. The design constraints were bending stresses, deflection and fatigue life. Compared to the steel leaf spring, the designed composite spring has much lower bending stresses and deflections and higher fatigue life cycles.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]Al-Qureshi, H.A., 2001. Automobile leaf springs from composite materials. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 118(1-3):58-61.

[2]Beardmore, P., 1986. Composite structures for automobiles. Composite Structures, 5(3):163-176.

[3]Beardmore, P., Johnson, C.F., 1986. The potential for composites in structural automotive applications. Composites Science and Technology, 26(4):251-281.

[4]DOE-MSU, 2010. Wind Turbine Blade Composite Material Fatigue Database. Department of Chemical Engineering, Montana State University at Bozman, Montan 59717, USA.

[5]Kumar, M.S., Sabapathy, V., 2007. Analytical and experimental studies on fatigue life prediction of steel and composites multi-leaf spring for light passenger vehicles using life data analysis. Materials Science, 13(2):141-146.

[6]Lukin, P., Gasparyants, G., Rodionov, V., 1989. Automobile Chassis-Design and Calculations. MIR Publisher, Moscow.

[7]Mahdi, E., Alkoles, O.M.S., Hamouda, A.M.S., Sahari, B.B., Yonus, R., Goudah, G., 2006. Light composite elliptic springs for vehicle suspension. Composite Structures, 75(1-4):24-28.

[8]Morris, C.J., 1986. Composite integrated rear suspension. Composite Structures, 5(3):233-242.

[9]Rahman, M.A., Kowser, M.A., 2010. Inelastic deformations of stainless steel leaf springs-experiment and nonlinear analysis. Meccanica, 45(4):503-518.

[10]Rajendran, I., Vijayarangan, S., 2001. Optimal design of a composite leaf spring using genetic algorithms. Computers and Structures, 79(11):1121-1129.

[11]SAE, 1980. Manual on Design and Application of Leaf Springs, SAE HS 788. Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA.

[12]SP Systems Guide to Composites, 2011. Technical Report No. GTC-1-1098. St Cross Business Park, Newport, Isle of Wight, England.

[13]Tanabe, K., Seino, T., Kajio, Y., 1982. Characteristics of Carbon/Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic Leaf Spring. SAE 820403, p.1628-1634.

[14]Vijayarangan, S., Alagappan, V., Rajedran, I., 1999. Design optimization of leaf springs using genetic algorithms. Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India): Mechanical Engineering Division, 79:135-139.

[15]Yu, W.J., Kim, H.C., 1988. Double tapered FRP beam for automotive suspension leaf spring. Composite Structures, 9(4):279-300.

[16]Zheng, Y.H., Xue, K., Huang, Z.G., 2011. Finite Element Analysis of Composite Leaf Spring. The 6th International Conference on Computer Science & Education, SuperStar Virgo, Singapore, p.316-319.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion



2012-09-02 18:44:27

just for knowledge i want to refer

Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE