Full Text:   <673>

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CLC number: O324; U270

On-line Access: 2017-08-04

Received: 2016-10-22

Revision Accepted: 2017-05-10

Crosschecked: 2017-07-07

Cited: 0

Clicked: 1406

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Xin-biao Xiao

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5078-4817

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2017 Vol.18 No.8 P.631-647

10.1631/jzus.A1600697


Theoretical investigation into the effect of rail vibration dampers on the dynamical behaviour of a high-speed railway track


Author(s):  Xin-biao Xiao, Ya-guang Li, Ting-sheng Zhong, Xiao-zhen Sheng

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China

Corresponding email(s):   shengxiaozhen@hotmail.com

Key Words:  Rail damper, Track dynamics, Dispersion curves, Vibration decay rate


Xin-biao Xiao, Ya-guang Li, Ting-sheng Zhong, Xiao-zhen Sheng. Theoretical investigation into the effect of rail vibration dampers on the dynamical behaviour of a high-speed railway track[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2017, 18(8): 631-647.

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Abstract: 
Installation of rail vibration dampers (rail dampers for short) onto rails between sleepers is one of the measures to control rail noise generation and roughness growth. Amid the rapid expansion of high-speed and underground railway networks in China, many suppliers are actively marketing and promoting their products, often giving confusing information. In this paper, a parametric study is used to investigate the effect of rail dampers on the dynamical behavior of a Chinese high-speed railway track. The Fourier transform-based method developed for analyzing dynamics of a railway track as an infinitely long periodic structure, with or without rail dampers, is applied in the investigation. It is hoped that results in this paper can help develop the understanding of the working mechanism of rail dampers, and provide useful information for product design and application.

This paper investigates the effect of rail dampers on the dynamical behavior of high speed railway track. The Fourier transform-based method is applied to solve the motion equations. The dispersion curves of track, vibration decay rates and vibration energy of both original track model and of the track model with rail dampers were studied. This research does help readers to understand more about rail damper with the parametric study. And in the meantime, the dynamic proper of track under a moving load was analyzed. This research is quite meaningful.

钢轨减振器对高铁轨道结构动力学特性的影响研究

目的:针对典型高铁轨道结构,对钢轨减振器的设计参数进行研究,进一步揭示钢轨减振器的工作机理,为合理设计和应用提供科学依据。
创新点:运用基于傅里叶变换的无限长周期结构动态特性的分析方法,从轨道结构的频散特性、共振特性、振动衰减特性和振动能量(近似声辐射能力)等多个方面对钢轨减振器的参数进行研究;提出荷载移动对振动衰减率的影响问题。
方法:运用基于傅里叶变换的无限长周期结构动态特性的分析方法,结合典型高铁轨道结构,对钢轨减振器的设计参数对轨道结构动力学特性的影响进行研究。研究的动力学特性包括:频散特性、共振特性、振动衰减特性和振动能量(近似声辐射能力)。
结论:1. 加装钢轨减振器会引入新的阻带,从而增加整个阻带的宽度;2. 在移动和不移动的情况下,荷载的振动衰减率是不同的;荷载的高速移动会降低振动衰减率;3. 从阻带尽量宽、振动衰减率尽量大和振动能量尽量小这三方面的要求来看,钢轨减振器的设计频率应该接近原来轨道结构的Pinned-Pinned频率,并且质量越大越好;4. 如果能够保证足够高的阻尼,钢轨减振器的频率可以设计得比Pinned-Pinned频率低。

关键词:钢轨减振器;轨道动力学;频散曲线;振动衰减率

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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