Full Text:   <1960>

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CLC number: TH138.52

On-line Access: 2019-01-04

Received: 2018-07-21

Revision Accepted: 2018-10-11

Crosschecked: 2018-10-23

Cited: 0

Clicked: 1615

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Jin-yuan Qian

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5438-0833

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2019 Vol.20 No.1 P.50-60

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A1800431


A numerical investigation of the flow of nanofluids through a micro Tesla valve


Author(s):  Jin-yuan Qian, Min-rui Chen, Xue-ling Liu, Zhi-jiang Jin

Affiliation(s):  Institute of Process Equipment, College of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   jzj@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Nanofluids, Tesla valve, Pressure drop, Nanoparticles, Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)


Jin-yuan Qian, Min-rui Chen, Xue-ling Liu, Zhi-jiang Jin. A numerical investigation of the flow of nanofluids through a micro Tesla valve[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2019, 20(1): 50-60.

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Abstract: 
In this study, Al2O3-water nanofluids flowing through a micro-scale T45-R type tesla valve was investigated numerically. Both forward and reverse flows were investigated based on a verified numerical model. The effects of nanofluids flow rate, temperature, and nanoparticle volume fraction on fluid separation in the bifurcated section and the pressure drop characteristics were analyzed. It was found that most of the nanofluids flow into the straight channel of the bifurcated section when flowing forward, and into the arc channel when flowing reversely. The percentage of the main flow increases with flow rate, temperature, and nanoparticle volume fraction. Additionally, the jet flow from the arc channel leads to a larger pressure drop than forward flow. Finally, the diodicity was found most affected by flow rate, and a correlation used to predict the change in diodicity with the flow rate was proposed.

This paper presents a research work about nanofluids flow through a micro Tesla valve. Overall, it is well organized, and it is also interesting for potential readers.

纳米流体在微尺度特斯拉阀中流动的数值研究

目的:微通道以其效率高、体积小等特点在许多领域有着越来越广泛的应用. 特斯拉阀是一种没有运动部件的止回阀,在微流动控制领域有着明显的优势. 大量研究表明,将纳米流体运用到微尺度通道中可明显提高换热效率. 本文将二者结合,研究Al2O3-水纳米流体在微尺度特斯拉阀中的流动特性,为微尺度特斯拉阀以及纳米流体的进一步研究提供参考.
创新点:1. 将特斯拉阀应用于纳米流体的微流动控制中; 2. 研究不同的操作条件和不同的介质特性对纳米流体在微尺度特斯拉阀中流动特性的影响; 3. 研究纳米流体在微尺度特斯拉阀中不同流动方向的流体分布和压力情况,并根据特斯拉阀的压降比(反向流动压降/正向流动压降)来分析特斯拉阀对微流动的控制效果.
方法:1. 建立微尺度特斯拉阀的三维模型; 2. 通过有效性验证的数值方法,在不同操作条件和不同流动介质特性的情况下,模拟纳米流体在微尺度特斯拉阀中正反两个方向的流动; 3. 根据流体在流动过程中的分布以及压力的变化情况,分析温度、流体流量和纳米颗粒体积分数对纳米流体在微尺度特斯拉阀中流动特性的影响.
结论:1. 纳米流体在特斯拉阀中正向流动时,大部分流体进入了分叉段中的直通道; 而反向流动时,大部分流体进入了分叉段中的弧形通道,并且随着流量、温度和纳米颗粒体积分数的增加,主流量的百分比增加. 2. 当纳米流体反向流动时,在弧形通道出口处的射流对压降的影响非常明显,这是导致反向流动压降大于正向流动的重要原因. 3. 特斯拉阀的压降比受流量的影响最显著; 在本文的研究范围内,压降比随着流量的增加而线性增加.

关键词:纳米流体; 特斯拉阀; 纳米颗粒; 计算流体动力学

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