Full Text:   <1868>

CLC number: S3

On-line Access: 

Received: 2007-11-29

Revision Accepted: 2008-03-07

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 7

Clicked: 3286

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2008 Vol.9 No.5 P.363~370


Characterization of high-yield performance as affected by genotype and environment in rice

Author(s):  Song CHEN, Fang-rong ZENG, Zong-zhi PAO, Guo-ping ZHANG

Affiliation(s):  Agronomy Department, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zhanggp@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Environment, Photosynthesis, Nutrition, Rice, Yield

Song CHEN, Fang-rong ZENG, Zong-zhi PAO, Guo-ping ZHANG. Characterization of high-yield performance as affected by genotype and environment in rice[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2008, 9(5): 363~370.

@article{title="Characterization of high-yield performance as affected by genotype and environment in rice",
author="Song CHEN, Fang-rong ZENG, Zong-zhi PAO, Guo-ping ZHANG",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Characterization of high-yield performance as affected by genotype and environment in rice
%A Song CHEN
%A Fang-rong ZENG
%A Zong-zhi PAO
%A Guo-ping ZHANG
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 9
%N 5
%P 363~370
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2008
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0710603

T1 - Characterization of high-yield performance as affected by genotype and environment in rice
A1 - Song CHEN
A1 - Fang-rong ZENG
A1 - Zong-zhi PAO
A1 - Guo-ping ZHANG
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 9
IS - 5
SP - 363
EP - 370
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2008
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0710603

We characterized yield-relevant characters and their variations over genotypes and environments (locations and years) by examining two rice varieties (9746 and Jinfeng) with high yield potential. 9746 and Jinfeng were planted in two locations of Shanghai, China, during 2005 and 2006. The results show that there was a large variation in grain yield between locations and years. The realization of high yield potential for the two types of rice was closely related to the improved sink size, such as more panicles per square meter or grains per panicle. Stem and leaf biomasses were mainly accumulated from tillering stage to heading stage, and showed slow decline during grain filling. Meanwhile, some photosynthetic characters including net photosynthesis rate (Pn), leaf area index (LAI), specific leaf area (SLA), fluorescence parameter (maximum quantum yield of PSII, Fv/Fm), chlorophyll content (expressed as SPAD value), as well as nutrient (N, P, K) uptake were also measured to determine their variations over genotypes and environments and their relationships with grain yield. Although there were significant differences between years or locations for most measurements, SLA at tillering and heading stages, Fv/Fm and LAI at heading stage, stem biomass at heading and maturity stages, and leaf nitrogen concentration at tillering and heading stages remained little changed, indicating their possible applications as selectable characters in breeding programs. It was also found that stem nitrogen accumulation at tillering stage is one of the most important and stable traits for high yield formation.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Amano, T., Shi, C., Qin, D., Tsuda, M., Matsumoto, Y., 1996. High-yielding performance of paddy rice achieved in Yunnan Province, China: I. High yielding ability of Japonica F1 hybrid rice, Yu-Za 29. Japanese Journal of Crop Science, 65(1):16-21.

[2] Bunce, J.A., 1989. Growth rate, photosynthesis and respiration in relation to leaf area index. Annals of Botany, 63(4):459-463.

[3] Cheng, S.H., Min, S.K., 2001. Super-rice breeding in China. Chinese Rice Research Newsletter, 9(2):13-15.

[4] Cooper, M., Somrith, B., 1997. Implications of Genotype-by-Environment Interactions for Yield Adaptation of Rain Fed Lowland Rice: Influence of Flowering Date on Yield Variation. Proc. Workshop, Plant Breeding Strategies for Rain fed Lowland Rice in Drought Prone Environments. ACIAR, Canberra, Australia, p.104-114.

[5] Fischer, R.A., Aguilar, I., Laing, D.R., 1977. Post-anthesis sink size in a high-yielding dwarf wheat: yield response to grain number. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 28(2):165-175.

[6] Horie, T., Ohnishi, M., Angus, J.F., Lewin, L.G., Tsukaguchi, T., Matano, T., 1997. Physiological characteristics of high-yielding rice inferred from cross-location experiments. Field Crops Research, 52(1-2):55-67.

[7] Hu, M.L., Zhang, Y.X., Kong, L.N., Yang, Q.H., Wang, C.M., Zhai, H.Q., Wan, J.M., 2007. Quantitative trait locus for photosynthesis and its related physiological traits in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Acta Agronomica Sinica, 33(2):183-188 (in Chinese).

[8] IRRI (International Rice Research Institute), 1995. Rice Facts. IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines.

[9] Katsura, K., Maeda, S., Horie, T., Shiraiwa, T., 2007. Analysis of yield attributes and crop physiological traits of Liangyoupeijiu, a hybrid rice recently bred in China. Field Crops Research, 103(3):170-177.

[10] Khan, M.N.A., Murayama, S., Ishimine, Y., 1998. Physio-morphological studies of F1 hybrids in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Photosynthetic ability and yield. Plant Production Science, 1(4):233-239.

[11] Khush, G.S., Coffman, W.R., Beachell, H.M., 2001. The History of Rice Breeding: IRRI’s Contribution. In: Rockwood, W.G. (Ed.), Rice Research and Production in the 21st Century: Symposium Honoring Robert F. Chandler, Jr. Metro Manila, Philippines, p.117-135.

[12] Li, C.S., Ye, S.H., Chen, Y.Z., Ruan, G.H., Huang, F.D., Zhang, X.M., 2005. The study on yield component factors of high yielding Japonica rice varieties. Acta Agriculture Zhejiangensis, 17(4):177-181 (in Chinese).

[13] Matsushima, S., 1957. Analysis of developmental factors determining yield and yield prediction in lowland rice. Bulletin of the National Institute of Agricultural Science Japan, 5:203-206 (in Japanese).

[14] Murayama, S., Miyazatv, K., Nost, A., 1987. Studies on matter production of F1 hybrid in rice. I. Heterosis in the single leaf photosynthetic rate. Japanese Journal of Crop Science, 56(2):198-203.

[15] Rosegrant, M.W., Agcaoili-Sombilla, M., Perez, N.D., 1995. Global Food Projections to 2020: Implications for Investment. Food, Agriculture, and Environment Discussion. Paper No. 5, IFPRI, Washington, DC.

[16] Sarker, M.A.Z., Murayama, S., Ishimine, Y., Tsuzuki, E., 2001. Heterosis in photosynthetic characters and dry matter production in F1 hybrids of rice. Nippon Sakumotsu Gakkai Koenkai Yoshi, Shiryoshu, 211:48-49.

[17] Shan, Y.H., Wang, Y.L., Pan, X.B., 2005. Mapping of QTLs for nitrogen use efficiency and related traits in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Agricultural Sciences in China, 4(10):721-727.

[18] Swaminathan, M.S., 2007. Can science and technology feed the world in 2025? Field Crops Research, 104(1-3):3-9.

[19] Tang, J.J., Chen, X., Katsuyoshi, S., 2002. Varietal differences in photosynthetic characters and chlorophyll fluorescence induction kinetics parameters among intergeneric progeny derived from Oryza×Sorghum, its parents, and hybrid rice. Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B, 3(1):113-117.

[20] Weerakoon, M.W., Olszkyb, D.M., Mossc, D.N., 1999. Effects of nitrogen nutrition on responses of rice seedlings to carbon dioxide. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 72(1):1-8.

[21] Ying, J.F., Peng, S.B., He, Q.R., Yang, H., Yang, C.D., Visperas, R.M., Cassman, K.G., 1998. Comparison of high yield rice in tropical and subtropical environments I. Determinants of grain and dry matter yields. Field Crops Research, 57(1):71-84.

[22] Yoshida, H., Horie, T., Shiraiwa, T., 2006. A model explaining genotypic and environmental variation of rice spikelet number per unit area measured by cross-locational experiments in Asia. Field Crops Research, 97(2-3):337-343.

[23] Zhong, X.H., Peng, S.B., Sanico, A.L., Liu, H.X., 2003. Quantifying the interactive effect of leaf nitrogen and leaf area on tillering of rice. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 26(6):1203-1222.

[24] Zou, Y., Tang, Q., Hu, C., Liu, S., Xiao, D., 1991. Dynamic simulation for rice growth and yield. II. The comparison and application of rice tillering statistical models. Crop Research, 5(4):18-22.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE