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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2009 Vol.10 No.12 P.902~911

10.1631/jzus.B0920173


Population growth, trophic level, and reproductive biology of two congeneric archer fishes (Toxotes chatareus, Hamilton 1822 and Toxotes jaculatrix, Pallas 1767) inhabiting Malaysian coastal waters


Author(s):  K. D. SIMON, Y. BAKAR, A. SAMAT, C. C. ZAIDI, A. AZIZ, A. G. MAZLAN

Affiliation(s):  Marine Science Programme, School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor D.E., Malaysia; more

Corresponding email(s):   skdas_maa@yahoo.com, magfish05@yahoo.com

Key Words:  Archer fish, Toxotidae, Mangrove, Estuary, Predator, Growth, Reproduction


K. D. SIMON, Y. BAKAR, A. SAMAT, C. C. ZAIDI, A. AZIZ, A. G. MAZLAN. Population growth, trophic level, and reproductive biology of two congeneric archer fishes (Toxotes chatareus, Hamilton 1822 and Toxotes jaculatrix, Pallas 1767) inhabiting Malaysian coastal waters[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2009, 10(12): 902~911.

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author="K. D. SIMON, Y. BAKAR, A. SAMAT, C. C. ZAIDI, A. AZIZ, A. G. MAZLAN",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="10",
number="12",
pages="902~911",
year="2009",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.B0920173"
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%T Population growth, trophic level, and reproductive biology of two congeneric archer fishes (Toxotes chatareus, Hamilton 1822 and Toxotes jaculatrix, Pallas 1767) inhabiting Malaysian coastal waters
%A K. D. SIMON
%A Y. BAKAR
%A A. SAMAT
%A C. C. ZAIDI
%A A. AZIZ
%A A. G. MAZLAN
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
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%N 12
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%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0920173

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T1 - Population growth, trophic level, and reproductive biology of two congeneric archer fishes (Toxotes chatareus, Hamilton 1822 and Toxotes jaculatrix, Pallas 1767) inhabiting Malaysian coastal waters
A1 - K. D. SIMON
A1 - Y. BAKAR
A1 - A. SAMAT
A1 - C. C. ZAIDI
A1 - A. AZIZ
A1 - A. G. MAZLAN
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 10
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SP - 902
EP - 911
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2009
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0920173


Abstract: 
Population growth, trophic level, and some aspects of reproductive biology of two congeneric archer fish species, Toxotes chatareus and Toxotes jaculatrix, collected from Johor coastal waters, Malaysia, were studied. growth pattern by length-weight relationship (W=aLb) for the sexes differed, and exhibited positive allometric growth (male, female and combined sexes of T. chatareus; female and combined sexes of T. jaculatrix) and isometric growth (male samples of T. jaculatrix only). Trophic levels of both species were analyzed based on 128 specimens. The results show that, in both species, crustaceans and insects were the most abundant prey items, and among crustaceans the red clawed crab Sesarma bidens and Formicidae family insects were the most represented taxa. The estimated mean trophic levels for T. chatareus and T. jaculatrix were 3.422±0.009 and 3.420±0.020, respectively, indicating that they are largely carnivores. Fecundity of T. chatareus ranged from 38 354 to 147 185 eggs for females with total length ranging from 14.5 to 22.5 cm and total body weight from 48.7 to 270.2 g, and T. jaculatrix 25 251 to 150 456 eggs for females with total length ranging from 12.2 to 23.0 cm and total body weight from 25.7 to 275.0 g. Differences in values of gonadosomatic and hepatosomatic indexes calculated for both species in this study may have resulted from uneven sample size ranges.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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