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CLC number: TP391; TP309

On-line Access: 2011-12-29

Received: 2011-04-06

Revision Accepted: 2011-09-09

Crosschecked: 2011-12-08

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE C 2012 Vol.13 No.1 P.11-19


A multipurpose audio watermarking algorithm with synchronization and encryption

Author(s):  Baiying Lei, Ing Yann Soon

Affiliation(s):  School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Corresponding email(s):   leib0001@e.ntu.edu.sg

Key Words:  Audio watermarking, Copyright protection, Content authentication, Compound encryption, Synchronization

Baiying Lei, Ing Yann Soon. A multipurpose audio watermarking algorithm with synchronization and encryption[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science C, 2012, 13(1): 11-19.

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journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science C",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%T A multipurpose audio watermarking algorithm with synchronization and encryption
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%A Ing Yann Soon
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%DOI 10.1631/jzus.C1100085

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A1 - Baiying Lei
A1 - Ing Yann Soon
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science C
VL - 13
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EP - 19
%@ 1869-1951
Y1 - 2012
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.C1100085

We propose a new multipurpose audio watermarking scheme in which two complementary watermarks are used. For audio copyright protection, the watermark data with copyright information or signature are first encrypted by Arnold transformation. Then the watermark data are inserted in the low frequency largest significant discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients to obtain robustness performance. For audio authentication, a chaotic signal is inserted in the high frequency insignificant DCT coefficients to detect tampered regions. Furthermore, the synchronization code is embedded in the audio statistical characteristics to resist desynchronization attacks. Experimental results show that our proposed method can not only obtain satisfactory detection and tampered location, but also achieve imperceptibility and robustness to common signal processing attacks, such as cropping, shifting, and time scale modification (TSM). Comparison results show that our method outperforms some existing methods.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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