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Bio-Design and Manufacturing  2022 Vol.5 No.4 P.729-756

http://doi.org/10.1007/s42242-022-00208-0


Development of conductive hydrogels: from design mechanisms to frontier applications


Author(s):  Yang Hong, Zening Lin, Zirong Luo, Tao Jiang, Jianzhong Shang & Yun Yang

Affiliation(s):  College of Intelligence Science and Technology, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China

Corresponding email(s):   luozirong@nudt.edu.cn, jiangtao@nudt.edu.cn, hongyang16@nudt.edu.cn

Key Words:  Conductive hydrogels, Crosslinking mechanism, Design methods, 3D structure-forming methods, Conductive hydrogel applications


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Yang Hong, Zening Lin, Zirong Luo, Tao Jiang, Jianzhong Shang & Yun Yang. Development of conductive hydrogels: from design mechanisms to frontier applications[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science D, 2022, 5(4): 729-756.

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Abstract: 
Owing to their excellent mechanical flexibility, electrical conductivity, and biocompatibility, conductive hydrogels (CHs) are widely used in the fields of energy and power, and biomedical technology. To arrive at a better understanding of the design methods and development trends of CHs, this paper summarizes and analyzes related research published in recent years. First, we describe the properties and characteristics of CHs. Using Scopus, the world’s largest abstract and citation database, we conducted a quantitative analysis of the related literature from the past 15 years and summarized development trends in the field of CHs. Second, we describe the types of CH network crosslinking and basic functional design methods and summarize the three-dimensional (3D) structure-forming methods and conductive performance tests of CHs. In addition, we introduce applications of CHs in the fields of energy and power, biomedical technology, and others. Lastly, we discuss several problems in current CH research and introduce some prospects for the future development of CHs.

国防科大罗自荣&蒋涛等丨导电水凝胶的发展:从设计机理到前沿应用

本综述论文聚焦导电水凝胶的功能设计方法及应用的研究进展。随着导电水凝胶材料相关研究的逐渐发展,其日趋完善的高度可拉伸性、自愈合性、透明性、良好的导电性等优异性能在众多领域受到了青睐。但其机械强度低、交联密度分布不均匀、生物降解性和生物相容性不足等问题,对水凝胶材料的研究发展提出了更高的要求。本文首先对近年来发表的导电水凝胶相关研究进行了总结和分析,描述了导电水凝胶的特性,总结了导电水凝胶领域的发展趋势。其次,介绍了导电水凝胶网络交联的类型和基本的功能设计方法,并总结了导电水凝胶的三维结构成型方法。此外,本文还介绍了导电水凝胶在能源与动力技术、仪器科学与技术、电子科学与技术、生物医学技术等领域的应用。最后,讨论了当前导电水凝胶研究发展中存在的一些问题。相信性能愈加完善的导电水凝胶终将为众多领域的研究发展提供契机。

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