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On-line Access: 2011-01-06

Received: 2010-02-20

Revision Accepted: 2010-07-05

Crosschecked: 2010-12-13

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2011 Vol.12 No.1 P.78-86


Performance of passive and reactive profiled median barriers in traffic noise reduction

Author(s):  Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Samaneh Momen Bellah Fard

Affiliation(s):  Occupational Hygiene Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; more

Corresponding email(s):   mmonazzam@gmail.com

Key Words:  Absorption, Quadratic residue diffuser (QRD), Primitive root diffuser (PRD), Noise barrier

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Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Samaneh Momen Bellah Fard. Performance of passive and reactive profiled median barriers in traffic noise reduction[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2011, 12(1): 78-86.

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%T Performance of passive and reactive profiled median barriers in traffic noise reduction
%A Mohammad Reza Monazzam
%A Samaneh Momen Bellah Fard
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1000065

T1 - Performance of passive and reactive profiled median barriers in traffic noise reduction
A1 - Mohammad Reza Monazzam
A1 - Samaneh Momen Bellah Fard
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 12
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SP - 78
EP - 86
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Y1 - 2011
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1000065

Median noise barriers, like parallel noise barriers, can be employed to reduce the impact of traffic on roadside communities via the direct propagation path. The performance of different shapes of median barriers was compared using reactive and passive surfaces and a 2D boundary element method (BEM). In the case of reactive surfaces, quadratic residue diffusers (QRDs) and primitive root diffusers (PRDs) were used on the top and stem surfaces of median barriers. To introduce passive barriers, two different absorbent materials including fibrous material and a grass surface with flow resistivity of 20 000 and 2500 kg/(s·m2), respectively, were similarly applied. The effect of thin absorptive barriers was similar at lower frequencies and better at mid and high frequencies to that of their equivalent rigid barriers. More improvement was achieved by covering the top surface of thick barriers with grass rather than with fibrous material. The performance of QRD and PRD barriers where the diffuser was located on the top surface was more frequency dependent than that of barriers coated with fibrous material. A comparison of the average A-weighted insertion loss in the thick barriers showed that the greatest improvement (2.59 dB (A)) was achieved using a barrier of 30-cm thickness covered with grass.

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