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CLC number: V23; V43

On-line Access: 2020-06-10

Received: 2019-12-11

Revision Accepted: 2020-03-20

Crosschecked: 2020-08-04

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Rui Zhou

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4620-9996

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2020 Vol.21 No.8 P.684-694

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A1900624


Numerical study on the morphology of a liquid-liquid pintle injector element primary breakup spray


Author(s):  Rui Zhou, Chi-bing Shen, Xuan Jin

Affiliation(s):  Science and Technology on Scramjet Laboratory, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China

Corresponding email(s):   cbshen@nudt.edu.cn

Key Words:  Pintle injector element, Liquid-liquid impingement, Primary breakup, Volume of fluid-to-discrete phase model (VOF-to-DPM) simulation, Adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) method


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Rui Zhou, Chi-bing Shen, Xuan Jin. Numerical study on the morphology of a liquid-liquid pintle injector element primary breakup spray[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2020, 21(8): 684-694.

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Abstract: 
primary breakup in a liquid-liquid pintle injector element at different radial jet velocities is investigated to elucidate the impingement morphology, the formation of primary breakup spray half cone angle, the pressure distribution, the liquid diameter distribution, and the liquid velocity distribution. With a sufficient mesh resolution, the liquid morphology can be captured in a physically sound way. A mushroom tip is triggered by a larger radial jet velocity and breakup happens at the tip edge first. Different kinds of ligament breakup patterns due to aerodynamic force and surface tension are captured on the axial sheet. A high pressure core is spotted at the impinging point region. A larger radial jet velocity can feed more disturbances into the impinging point and the axial sheet, generate stronger vortices to promote the breakup process at a longer distance, and form a larger spray half cone angle. Because of the re-collision phenomenon the axial sheet diameter does not decrease monotonically. The inner rim on the axial sheet shows a larger diameter magnitude and a lower velocity magnitude due to surface tension. This paper is expected to provide a reference for the optimum design of a liquid-liquid pintle injector.

针栓式喷注器单元液/液撞击的一次破碎形态的仿真研究

目的:针对液/液针栓式喷注器单元,研究其在不同径向射流喷注速度下的一次破碎形态,并阐明在一次破碎下喷雾半锥角的形成、压力场分布、喷雾粒径分布与速度场分布.
创新点:通过流体体积函数转换离散相(VOF-to-DPM)模型,结合网格自适应(AMR)技术还原了针栓式喷注器单元液/液撞击的一次破碎形态.
方法:1. 通过VOF-to-DPM模型完成一次破碎过程中对液相的捕捉; 2. 采用计算流体动力学后处理(CFD-post)模块进行后处理,得到一次破碎下喷雾半锥角的形成以及压力场、喷雾粒径与速度场的分布云图; 3. 在仿真计算过程中使用AMR技术减少计算量,节约时间成本与计算资源.
结论:1. 速度大的径向射流在穿透轴向液膜后会形成一个蘑菇状的头部; 扰动在蘑菇状顶端下方形成涡,有助于蘑菇状顶端边缘破碎的发生. 2. 气动力和表面张力对轴向液膜破碎过程中产生的直液丝和环状液丝的破碎起到重要作用; 由于液滴的聚合现象,轴向液膜的直径在破碎过程中并不是单调递减的. 3. 喷雾半锥角的大小和径向射流速度的大小成正比; 一次破碎首先发生在轴向液膜前沿、径向射流头部以及撞击点附近. 4. 在表面张力的作用下,轴向液膜内边缘的速度较小,直径较大; 当径向射流的速度增大时,轴向液膜内边缘的速度值减小得更加明显.

关键词:针栓式喷注器单元; 液/液撞击; 一次破碎; VOF-to-DPM 模型; AMR技术

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