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CLC number: R395.9

On-line Access: 2013-11-04

Received: 2013-01-21

Revision Accepted: 2013-04-01

Crosschecked: 2013-10-03

Cited: 3

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2013 Vol.14 No.11 P.1049-1053


Effect of a pain diary use on recovery from acute whiplash injury: a cohort study

Author(s):  Robert Ferrari, Deon Louw

Affiliation(s):  Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2P4, Canada; more

Corresponding email(s):   rferrari@shaw.ca

Key Words:  Pain diary, Whiplash Disability Questionnaire scores, Whiplash injury

Robert Ferrari, Deon Louw. Effect of a pain diary use on recovery from acute whiplash injury: a cohort study[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2013, 14(11): 1049-1053.

@article{title="Effect of a pain diary use on recovery from acute whiplash injury: a cohort study",
author="Robert Ferrari, Deon Louw",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of a pain diary use on recovery from acute whiplash injury: a cohort study
%A Robert Ferrari
%A Deon Louw
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 14
%N 11
%P 1049-1053
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%D 2013
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1300022

T1 - Effect of a pain diary use on recovery from acute whiplash injury: a cohort study
A1 - Robert Ferrari
A1 - Deon Louw
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 14
IS - 11
SP - 1049
EP - 1053
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2013
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1300022

Objectives: The objective of the current study was to examine the effect of a daily pain diary on recovery from acute whiplash injury. Design: Cohort-controlled study. Setting: Primary care clinic. Participants: A total 56 of 60 initially-recruited subjects were seen in follow-up three months post-injury, 27 in the Diary group and 29 in the Control group. Summary of Background Data: Symptom diaries are often recommended to or used by patients suffering with acute whiplash injury. Diaries have been shown to be associated, however, with symptom amplification in healthy subjects. The effect of diary use on recovery from injury is unknown. Interventions: Subjects with acute whiplash injury were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a Diary group and Control group. Primary outcome measures: Data was gathered within one week of injury on gender, age, and whiplash Disability Questionnaire scores. The Diary group was asked then to keep a record of their overall pain experience, rating their pain on a scale of 1–10 on a daily basis for four weeks. Results: At the outset, both groups had similar mean age, gender distribution, and mean whiplash Disability Questionnaire scores. After four weeks of pain diary use, fewer Diary group subjects reported recovery at three months compared to the Control group (59% versus 86%, respectively, p<0.05). Conclusions: The use of a pain diary for four weeks in acute whiplash-injured subjects is associated with a reduced rate of recovery.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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