Full Text:   <1835>

CLC number: TN929.5; TN911

On-line Access: 

Received: 2007-11-23

Revision Accepted: 2008-02-22

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 1

Clicked: 3647

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2008 Vol.9 No.8 P.1090~1098


Enhanced cooperative packet retransmission employing joint cooperative diversity and symbol mapping diversity

Author(s):  Wei JI, Bao-yu ZHENG

Affiliation(s):  Electronic Engineering Department, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   jiwei_1979@sjtu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Cooperative retransmission, Hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ), Cooperative diversity, Symbol mapping diversity (SMD)

Wei JI, Bao-yu ZHENG. Enhanced cooperative packet retransmission employing joint cooperative diversity and symbol mapping diversity[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2008, 9(8): 1090~1098.

@article{title="Enhanced cooperative packet retransmission employing joint cooperative diversity and symbol mapping diversity",
author="Wei JI, Bao-yu ZHENG",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Enhanced cooperative packet retransmission employing joint cooperative diversity and symbol mapping diversity
%A Wei JI
%A Bao-yu ZHENG
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 9
%N 8
%P 1090~1098
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2008
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A0720076

T1 - Enhanced cooperative packet retransmission employing joint cooperative diversity and symbol mapping diversity
A1 - Wei JI
A1 - Bao-yu ZHENG
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 9
IS - 8
SP - 1090
EP - 1098
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2008
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A0720076

A joint cooperation diversity and symbol mapping diversity (SMD) strategy is proposed for cooperative packet retransmission system with high-order modulation such as 16QAM. Substantial SER/BER (symbol error rate/bit error rate) gains result from multiple packet transmissions over independent paths and distinct bit-to-symbol mappings for each packet transmission. The SER/BER performance of relay assisted retransmission system is analyzed. Simulation results show that the joint-diversity strategy can provide more BER gains than other relaying strategies (i.e., decode-and-forward and constellation rearrangement relaying strategies) when no relay makes a decision error; but if some relays make decision errors, the joint-diversity strategy outperforms other relaying strategies only when the relays are closer to the source than to the destination.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Benjillali, M., Szczecinski, L., Aissa, S., 2006. Evaluation of Bit Error Rate for Packet Combining with Constellation Rearrangement. Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, p.1-5.

[2] Dianati, M., Ling, X.H., Naik, K., Shen, X.S., 2006. A node-cooperative ARQ scheme for wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Trans. on Vehic. Technol., 55(3):1032-1044.

[3] Gidlund, M., 2005. Design and Performance of Packet Retransmission Diversity Scheme for Wireless Networks. Ph.D Thesis, Mid Sweden University, Sweden.

[4] Gidlund, M., 2007. Performance of Combined Constellation Rearrangement and Space-time Block Coding Scheme for Multi-level Modulation. Proc. Int. Symp. on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, Athens, Greece, p.1-6.

[5] Gidlund, M., Ahag, P., 2004. Enhanced HARQ Scheme Based on Rearrangement of Signal Constellations and Frequency Diversity for OFDM Systems. Proc. IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf., Milan, Italy, p.500-504.

[6] Hong, Y.W., Scaglione, A., 2006. Energy-efficient broadcasting with cooperative transmissions in wireless sensor networks. IEEE Trans. on Wirel. Commun., 5(10):2844-2855.

[7] Ji, W., Zheng, B.Y., 2007. Cooperation Diversity and Symbol Mapping Diversity in Cooperative Communication Systems. Proc. Int. Conf. on Communications, Circuits and Systems, Kokura, Fukuoka, Japan, p.65-69.

[8] Jia, M.L., Kuang, J.M., He, Z.W., 2006. Enhanced HARQ Employing LDPC Coded Constellation Rearrangement with 64QAM. Proc. Int. Conf. on Communication Technology, Guilin, China, p.1-4.

[9] Joo, H.G., Shin, D.J., Hong, S.N., 2007. Adaptive Bit-reliability Mapping for LDPC Coded High-order Modulation Systems. Proc. IEEE Int. 65th Vehicular Technology Conf., Dublin, Ireland, p.1539-1543.

[10] Khormuji, M.N., Larsson, E.G., 2007. Improving Collaborative Transmit Diversity by Using Constellation Rearrangement. Proc. IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conf., Hong Kong, China, p.803-807.

[11] Laneman, J.N., Wornell, G.W., 2003. Distributed space-time-coded protocols for exploiting cooperative diversity in wireless networks. IEEE Trans. on Inf. Theory, 49(10):2415-2425.

[12] Laneman, J.N., Tse, D.N.C., Wornell, G.W., 2004. Cooperative diversity in wireless networks: efficient protocols and outage behavior. IEEE Trans. on Inf. Theory, 50(12):3062-3080.

[13] Miyoshi, K., Matsumoto, A., Wengerter, C., Kasapidis, M., Uesugi, M., Kato, O., 2002. Constellation Rearrangement and Spreading Code Rearrangement for Hybrid ARQ in MC-CDMA. Proc. 5th Int. Symp. on Wireless Personal Multimedia Communications, Honolulu, Hawaii, p.668-672.

[14] Miyoshi, K., Matsumoto, A., Wengerter, C., Uesugi, M., Homma, K., 2006. Enhanced hybrid ARQ techniques for MC-CDMA. IEICE Trans. on Commun., J89-B(2):182-194.

[15] Panasonic, 2001a. Enhanced HARQ Method with Signal Constellation Rearrangement. TSGR1#19(01)0237. Las Vegas, USA.

[16] Panasonic, 2001b. Further Simulation Results on HARQ with Signal Constellation Rearrangement. TSGR1#20(01) 0537. Busan, Korea.

[17] Rizvi, U.H., 2006. Combined Multiple Transmit Antennas and Multi-level Modulation Techniques. MS Thesis, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.

[18] Samra, H., Ding, Z., Hahn, P.M., 2003. Optimal Symbol Mapping Diversity for Multiple Packet Transmissions. Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, Hong Kong, p.181-184.

[19] Samra, H., Ding, Z., Hahn, P.M., 2005. Symbol mapping diversity design for multiple packet transmissions. IEEE Trans. on Commun., 53(5):810-817.

[20] Samra, H., Ding, Z., 2006a. Retransmission diversity schemes for multicarrier modulations. IEEE Trans. on Wirel. Commun., 5(5):1142-1147.

[21] Samra, H., Ding, Z., 2006b. New MIMO ARQ protocols and joint detection via sphere decoding. IEEE Trans. on Signal Process., 54(2):473-482.

[22] Sendonaris, A., Erkip, E., Aazhang, B., 2003a. User cooperation diversity—Part I: system description. IEEE Trans. on Commun., 51(11):1927-1938.

[23] Sendonaris, A., Erkip, E., Aazhang, B., 2003b. User cooperation diversity—Part II: implementation aspects and performance analysis. IEEE Trans. on Commun., 51(11):1939-1948.

[24] Scaglione, A., Goeckel, D.L., Laneman, J.N., 2006. Cooperative communications in mobile ad hoc networks. IEEE Signal Process. Mag., 23(5):18-29.

[25] Stankovic, V., Host-Madsen, A., Xiong, Z.X., 2006. Cooperative diversity for wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Signal Process. Mag., 23(5):37-49.

[26] Wengerter, C., von Elbwart, A.G.E., Seidel, E., 2004. Constellation rearrangement: enhancement for multilevel modulation formats and transmit diversity. Wirel. Pers. Commun., 29(1/2):35-45.

[27] Zhang, B.T., Zhang, X., Hu, J.C., Yang, D.C., 2005. A Hybrid ARQ Scheme with Constellation Rearrangement and Power Adjustment. Proc. Int. Conf. on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing, Wuhan, China, p.464-468.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE