Full Text:   <192>

Summary:  <87>

Suppl. Mater.: 

CLC number: 

On-line Access: 2024-01-15

Received: 2022-01-07

Revision Accepted: 2022-05-17

Crosschecked: 2024-01-15

Cited: 0

Clicked: 290

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Yunfeng TAN


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2024 Vol.25 No.1 P.47-62


Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of a two-phase sink vortex and its fluid–solid vibration characteristics

Author(s):  Zichao YIN, Yesha NI, Lin LI, Tong WANG, Jiafeng WU, Zhe LI, Dapeng TAN

Affiliation(s):  College of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   tandapeng@zjut.edu.cn, linli@zjut.edu.cn, niyesha@zjut.edu.cn

Key Words:  Free sink vortex, Fluid–, solid coupling, Level set method (LSM), Multi-physics model, Vibration characteristics

Zichao YIN, Yesha NI, Lin LI, Tong WANG, Jiafeng WU, Zhe LI, Dapeng TAN. Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of a two-phase sink vortex and its fluid–solid vibration characteristics[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2024, 25(1): 47-62.

@article{title="Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of a two-phase sink vortex and its fluid–solid vibration characteristics",
author="Zichao YIN, Yesha NI, Lin LI, Tong WANG, Jiafeng WU, Zhe LI, Dapeng TAN",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of a two-phase sink vortex and its fluid–solid vibration characteristics
%A Zichao YIN
%A Yesha NI
%A Lin LI
%A Tong WANG
%A Jiafeng WU
%A Zhe LI
%A Dapeng TAN
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 25
%N 1
%P 47-62
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2024
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A2200014

T1 - Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of a two-phase sink vortex and its fluid–solid vibration characteristics
A1 - Zichao YIN
A1 - Yesha NI
A1 - Lin LI
A1 - Tong WANG
A1 - Jiafeng WU
A1 - Zhe LI
A1 - Dapeng TAN
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 25
IS - 1
SP - 47
EP - 62
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2024
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A2200014

A sink vortex is a common physical phenomenon in continuous casting, chemical extraction, water conservancy, and other industrial processes, and often causes damage and loss in production. Therefore, the real-time monitoring of the sink vortex state is important for improving industrial production efficiency. However, its suction-extraction phenomenon and shock vibration characteristics in the course of its formation are complex mechanical dynamic factors for flow field state monitoring. To address this issue, we set up a multi-physics model using the level set method (LSM) for a free sink vortex to study the two-phase interaction mechanism. Then, a fluid–;solid coupling dynamic model was deduced to investigate the shock vibration characteristics and reveal the transition mechanism of the critical flow state. The numerical results show that the coupling energy shock induces a pressure oscillation phenomenon, which appears to be a transient enhancement of vibration at the vortex penetration state. The central part of the transient enhancement signal is a high-frequency signal. Based on the dynamic coupling model, an experimental observation platform was established to verify the accuracy of the numerical results. The water-model experiment results were accordant with the numerical results. The above results provide a reference for fluid state recognition and active vortex control for industrial monitoring systems, such as those in aerospace pipe transport, hydropower generation, and microfluidic devices.




Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]AndersenA, BohrT, StenumB, et al., 2003. Anatomy of a bathtub vortex. Physical Review Letters, 91(10):104502.

[2]AndersenA, BohrT, StenumB, et al., 2006. The bathtub vortex in a rotating container. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 556:121-146.

[3]BalcázarN, LehmkuhlO, JofreL, et al., 2015. Level-set simulations of buoyancy-driven motion of single and multiple bubbles. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 56:91-107.

[4]CaoLX, LiuJ, LuC, et al., 2022. Efficient inverse method for structural identification considering modeling and response uncertainties. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 35(1):75.

[5]ChenJL, XuF, TanDP, et al., 2015. A control method for agricultural greenhouses heating based on computational fluid dynamics and energy prediction model. Applied Energy, 141:106-118.

[6]CristofanoL, NobiliM, RomanoGP, et al., 2016. Investigation on bathtub vortex flow field by particle image velocimetry. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 74:130-142.

[7]FanXH, TanDP, LiL, et al., 2021. Modeling and solution method of gas-liquid-solid three-phase flow mixing. Acta Physica Sinica, 70(12):124501 (in Chinese).

[8]GeJQ, JiSM, TanDP, 2018. A gas-liquid-solid three-phase abrasive flow processing method based on bubble collapsing. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 95(1-4):1069-1085.

[9]JeongJT, 2012. Free-surface deformation due to spiral flow owing to a source/sink and a vortex in Stokes flow. Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, 26(1):93-103.

[10]JiSM, WengXX, TanDP, 2012. Analytical method of softness abrasive two-phase flow field based on 2D model of LSM. Acta Physica Sinica, 61(1):010205 (in Chinese).

[11]KaiserJWJ, AdamiS, AkhatovIS, et al., 2020. A semi-implicit conservative sharp-interface method for liquid-solid phase transition. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 155:119800.

[12]KinzelMP, LindauJW, KunzRF, 2018. A multiphase level-set approach for all-Mach numbers. Computers & Fluids, 167:1-16.

[13]KoriaSC, KanthU, 1994. Model studies of slag carry-over during drainage of metallurgical vessels. Steel Research, 65(1):8-14.

[14]LiHX, WangQ, JiangJW, et al., 2016. Analysis of factors affecting free surface vortex formation during steel teeming. ISIJ International, 56(1):94-102.

[15]LiL, QiH, YinZC, et al., 2020. Investigation on the multiphase sink vortex Ekman pumping effects by CFD-DEM coupling method. Powder Technology, 360:462-480.

[16]LiL, TanDP, YinZC, et al., 2021. Investigation on the multiphase vortex and its fluid-solid vibration characters for sustainability production. Renewable Energy, 175:887-909.

[17]LiL, TanYF, XuWX, et al., 2023a. Fluid-induced transport dynamics and vibration patterns of multiphase vortex in the critical transition states. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 252:108376.

[18]LiL, XuWX, TanYF, et al., 2023b. Fluid-induced vibration evolution mechanism of multiphase free sink vortex and the multi-source vibration sensing method. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 189:110058.

[19]LiL, LuB, XuWX, et al., 2023c. Mechanism of multiphase coupling transport evolution of free sink vortex. Acta Physica Sinica, 72(3):034702 (in Chinese).

[20]LiL, GuZH, XuWX, et al., 2023d. Mixing mass transfer mechanism and dynamic control of gas-liquid-solid multiphase flow based on VOF-DEM coupling. Energy, 272:127015.

[21]LinQL, LiuL, ZhuWQ, 2022. Formation mechanism of precursor films at high temperatures: a review. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 35(1):21.

[22]LuJF, WangT, LiL, et al., 2020. Dynamic characteristics and wall effects of bubble bursting in gas-liquid-solid three-phase particle flow. Processes, 8(7):760.

[23]LundgrenTS, 1985. The vortical flow above the drain-hole in a rotating vessel. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 155:381-412.

[24]LuoK, ShaoCX, YangY, et al., 2015. A mass conserving level set method for detailed numerical simulation of liquid atomization. Journal of Computational Physics, 298:495-519.

[25]LyuHP, ZhangLB, TanDP, et al., 2023. A collaborative assembly for low-voltage electrical apparatuses. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 24(6):890-905.

[26]MikotaG, MikotaJ, 2020. Energy related model correlation criteria for modal analysis of fluid-structure interaction systems. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 483:115480.

[27]MoralesRD, Dávila-MaldonadoO, CalderónI, et al., 2013. Physical and mathematical models of vortex flows during the last stages of steel draining operations from a ladle. ISIJ International, 53(5):782-791.

[28]PanY, JiSM, TanDP, et al., 2020. Cavitation-based soft abrasive flow processing method. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 109(9-12):2587-2602.

[29]SamP, AntoninC, RichartzM, et al., 2018. Black hole quasibound states from a draining bathtub vortex flow. Physical Review Letters, 121(6):061101.

[30]SangalliLA, BraunAL, 2020. A fluid-structure interaction model for numerical simulation of bridge flutter using sectional models with active control devices. Preliminary results. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 477:115338.

[31]SleitiAK, 2020. Isobaric expansion engines powered by low-grade heat—working fluid performance and selection database for power and thermomechanical refrigeration. Energy Technology, 8(11):2000613.

[32]TanDP, LiPY, JiYX, et al., 2013. SA-ANN-based slag carry-over detection method and the embedded WME platform. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 60(10):4702-4713.

[33]TanDP, YangT, ZhaoJ, et al., 2016. Free sink vortex Ekman suction-extraction evolution mechanism. Acta Physica Sinica, 65(5):054701 (in Chinese).

[34]TanDP, NiYS, ZhangLB, 2017. Two-phase sink vortex suction mechanism and penetration dynamic characteristics in ladle teeming process. Journal of Iron and Steel Research International, 24(7):669-677.

[35]TanDP, LiL, ZhuYL, et al., 2018. An embedded cloud database service method for distributed industry monitoring. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 14(7):2881-2893.

[36]TanDP, LiL, ZhuYL, et al., 2019. Critical penetration condition and Ekman suction-extraction mechanism of a sink vortex. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 20(1):61-72.

[37]TanDP, LiL, YinZC, et al., 2020. Ekman boundary layer mass transfer mechanism of free sink vortex. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 150:119250.

[38]TurkyilmazogluM, 2011. Wall stretching in magnetohydrodynamics rotating flows in inertial and rotating frames. Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 25(4):606-613.

[39]TurkyilmazogluM, 2018. Flow and heat due to a surface formed by a vortical source. European Journal of Mechanics-B/Fluids, 68:76-84.

[40]WangT, WangCY, YinYX, et al., 2023. Analytical approach for nonlinear vibration response of the thin cylindrical shell with a straight crack. Nonlinear Dynamics, 111(12):10957-10980.

[41]WangYY, ZhangYL, TanDP, et al., 2021. Key technologies and development trends in advanced intelligent sawing equipments. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 34(1):30.

[42]YuanSY, TangHW, XiaoY, et al., 2016. Turbulent flow structure at a 90-degree open channel confluence: accounting for the distortion of the shear layer. Journal of Hydro-Environment Research, 12:130-147.

[43]ZhengSH, YuYK, QiuMZ, et al., 2021. A modal analysis of vibration response of a cracked fluid-filled cylindrical shell. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 91:934-958.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE