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CLC number: R181.3

On-line Access: 2018-01-11

Received: 2016-11-08

Revision Accepted: 2017-04-01

Crosschecked: 2017-12-18

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2018 Vol.19 No.1 P.71-78


Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China

Author(s):  Peng-fei Qu, Ya Zhang, Jia-mei Li, Ruo Zhang, Jiao-mei Yang, Fang-liang Lei, Shan-shan Li, Dan-meng Liu, Shao-nong Dang, Hong Yan

Affiliation(s):  Health Science Center, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   tjdshn@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, xjtu_yh.paper@aliyun.com

Key Words:  Complementary feeding, Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI), Ethnic group, Western China

Peng-fei Qu, Ya Zhang, Jia-mei Li, Ruo Zhang, Jiao-mei Yang, Fang-liang Lei, Shan-shan Li, Dan-meng Liu, Shao-nong Dang, Hong Yan. Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2018, 19(1): 71-78.

@article{title="Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China",
author="Peng-fei Qu, Ya Zhang, Jia-mei Li, Ruo Zhang, Jiao-mei Yang, Fang-liang Lei, Shan-shan Li, Dan-meng Liu, Shao-nong Dang, Hong Yan",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China
%A Peng-fei Qu
%A Ya Zhang
%A Jia-mei Li
%A Ruo Zhang
%A Jiao-mei Yang
%A Fang-liang Lei
%A Shan-shan Li
%A Dan-meng Liu
%A Shao-nong Dang
%A Hong Yan
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 19
%N 1
%P 71-78
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2018
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1600504

T1 - Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China
A1 - Peng-fei Qu
A1 - Ya Zhang
A1 - Jia-mei Li
A1 - Ruo Zhang
A1 - Jiao-mei Yang
A1 - Fang-liang Lei
A1 - Shan-shan Li
A1 - Dan-meng Liu
A1 - Shao-nong Dang
A1 - Hong Yan
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 19
IS - 1
SP - 71
EP - 78
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2018
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1600504

Objective: This study investigated complementary feeding practices among four ethnic groups (Han, Uygur, Tibetan, and Zhuang) based on a cross-sectional survey in rural western China. Methods: In 2005, a stratified multistage cluster random sampling method was used to recruit 9712 children (7411 Han, 1032 Uygur, 678 Tibetan, and 591 Zhuang) between 6 and 35 months of age and their mothers from 45 counties in 10 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) in western China. Results: The rates of early introduction (before 6 months) of complementary foods in four ethnic groups (Han, Uygur, Tibetan, and Zhuang) were 71.30%, 95.95%, 82.40%, and 72.30%, respectively. The infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) for Uygur and Tibetan children was lower than that for Han children at all age groups. Uygur children were more likely to have unqualified ICFI compared with Han children in a multivariate logistic regression (odds ratio (OR)=5.138, 95% confidence interval (CI):4.340–6.084). A higher level of maternal education, greater family wealth, and the availability of complementary feeding educational materials decreased the likelihood of an unqualified ICFI. The nutritional status of children (Han, Tibetan, and Zhuang) with qualified ICFI was better than that for children with unqualified ICFI. Conclusions: Appropriate interventions are required to improve complementary feeding practices in rural western China.




Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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