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On-line Access: 2018-01-11

Received: 2016-11-08

Revision Accepted: 2017-04-01

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2018 Vol.19 No.1 P.71-78

10.1631/jzus.B1600504


Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China


Author(s):  Peng-fei Qu, Ya Zhang, Jia-mei Li, Ruo Zhang, Jiao-mei Yang, Fang-liang Lei, Shan-shan Li, Dan-meng Liu, Shao-nong Dang, Hong Yan

Affiliation(s):  Health Science Center, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   tjdshn@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, xjtu_yh.paper@aliyun.com

Key Words:  Complementary feeding, Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI), Ethnic group, Western China


Peng-fei Qu, Ya Zhang, Jia-mei Li, Ruo Zhang, Jiao-mei Yang, Fang-liang Lei, Shan-shan Li, Dan-meng Liu, Shao-nong Dang, Hong Yan. Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2018, 19(1): 71-78.

@article{title="Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China",
author="Peng-fei Qu, Ya Zhang, Jia-mei Li, Ruo Zhang, Jiao-mei Yang, Fang-liang Lei, Shan-shan Li, Dan-meng Liu, Shao-nong Dang, Hong Yan",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="19",
number="1",
pages="71-78",
year="2018",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.B1600504"
}

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%T Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China
%A Peng-fei Qu
%A Ya Zhang
%A Jia-mei Li
%A Ruo Zhang
%A Jiao-mei Yang
%A Fang-liang Lei
%A Shan-shan Li
%A Dan-meng Liu
%A Shao-nong Dang
%A Hong Yan
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
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%P 71-78
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%D 2018
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1600504

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T1 - Complementary feeding patterns among ethnic groups in rural western China
A1 - Peng-fei Qu
A1 - Ya Zhang
A1 - Jia-mei Li
A1 - Ruo Zhang
A1 - Jiao-mei Yang
A1 - Fang-liang Lei
A1 - Shan-shan Li
A1 - Dan-meng Liu
A1 - Shao-nong Dang
A1 - Hong Yan
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
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EP - 78
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1600504


Abstract: 
Objective: This study investigated complementary feeding practices among four ethnic groups (Han, Uygur, Tibetan, and Zhuang) based on a cross-sectional survey in rural western China. Methods: In 2005, a stratified multistage cluster random sampling method was used to recruit 9712 children (7411 Han, 1032 Uygur, 678 Tibetan, and 591 Zhuang) between 6 and 35 months of age and their mothers from 45 counties in 10 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) in western China. Results: The rates of early introduction (before 6 months) of complementary foods in four ethnic groups (Han, Uygur, Tibetan, and Zhuang) were 71.30%, 95.95%, 82.40%, and 72.30%, respectively. The infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) for Uygur and Tibetan children was lower than that for Han children at all age groups. Uygur children were more likely to have unqualified ICFI compared with Han children in a multivariate logistic regression (odds ratio (OR)=5.138, 95% confidence interval (CI):4.340–6.084). A higher level of maternal education, greater family wealth, and the availability of complementary feeding educational materials decreased the likelihood of an unqualified ICFI. The nutritional status of children (Han, Tibetan, and Zhuang) with qualified ICFI was better than that for children with unqualified ICFI. Conclusions: Appropriate interventions are required to improve complementary feeding practices in rural western China.

中国西部农村地区婴幼儿辅食喂养状况民族差异的调查

目的:比较中国西部农村地区四个民族(汉、维、藏和壮)的婴幼儿的辅食喂养状况,探讨影响婴幼儿辅食喂养的影响因素.
创新点:在中国西部10省区开展大规模人群流行病学调查,对比分析西部农村地区四个主要民族(汉、维、藏和壮)的婴幼儿的辅食添加的时间、类别、频率及质量,探讨其差异的可能原因,以及研究影响西部农村地区辅食喂养的可控因素,为西部农村地区不同民族改善婴幼儿辅食喂养状况提供干预措施.
方法:采用人口比例抽样法,在2005年调查西部10省区45县9172个6~35个月的婴幼儿的辅食添加状况(7411汉、1032维、678藏和591壮),构建了适合西部地区的婴幼儿喂养指数(ICFI),综合评价婴幼儿辅食喂养质量.
结论:汉族和壮族婴幼儿的喂养质量好于维族和藏族.母亲教育水平、家庭经济水平和喂养宣传是影响婴幼儿辅食喂养质量的重要因素,合理的干预措施是促进西部地区婴幼儿辅食添加质量的关键.

关键词:辅食喂养;婴幼儿喂养指数;多民族;中国西部地区

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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