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Received: 2002-11-14

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2003 Vol.4 No.6 P.734-739


Study on pig growth hormone gene polymorphisms in western meat-type breeds and Chinese local breeds

Author(s):  SONG Cheng-yi, GAO Bo, JING Rong-bin, TAO Yong, MAO Jiu-de

Affiliation(s):  College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   Schengyi@hotmail.com

Key Words:  Pigs, Growth hormone gene, Polymorphisms

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SONG Cheng-yi, GAO Bo, JING Rong-bin, TAO Yong, MAO Jiu-de. Study on pig growth hormone gene polymorphisms in western meat-type breeds and Chinese local breeds[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2003, 4(6): 734-739.

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publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%T Study on pig growth hormone gene polymorphisms in western meat-type breeds and Chinese local breeds
%A SONG Cheng-yi
%A JING Rong-bin
%A TAO Yong
%A MAO Jiu-de
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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T1 - Study on pig growth hormone gene polymorphisms in western meat-type breeds and Chinese local breeds
A1 - SONG Cheng-yi
A1 - GAO Bo
A1 - JING Rong-bin
A1 - TAO Yong
A1 - MAO Jiu-de
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 4
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SP - 734
EP - 739
%@ 1869-1951
Y1 - 2003
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2003.0734

Chinese Meishan and Jiangquhai pigs are two of the most prolific pigs in the world, but their growth rate is lower than that of Duroc, Landrace and Pietrain pigs. It is suggested that growth rate is regulated by growth hormone. The objective of the current study was to analyze the porcine growth hormone (pGH) gene polymorphisms based on the polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment-length polymorphism method (PCR-RFLP) for three western meat-type breeds (Duroc, Landrace and Pietrain) and two local Chinese pigs (Meishan and Jiangquhai). Five polymorphic restriction sites were detected with the ApaI, MspI, BspI and HhaI restriction enzymes in two amplified fragments (605 bp, -119 to +486; 506 bp, +206 to +711). Breed difference was found only in the 506 bp fragment. There was no difference in allelic frequencies of BspI and HhaI restriction sites among the five breeds (P>0.05). Landrace and Meishan pigs lacked allele G3 of MspI site. The allele G3 frequency of restriction MspI site of the 506 bp fragment in Pietrain pigs was higher than that in Duroc and Jianquhai pigs (P<0.001). For ApaI site, the Meishan pigs lacked allele G1; no difference was found in allelic frequencies among Pietrain, Duroc, Landrace and Jiangquhai pigs (P>0.05). This new and rapid PCR-RFLP typing method is an attractive tool for analysis of porcine growth hormone gene restriction sites. The differences in MspI and ApaI restriction sites may explain the growth difference between the foreign meat-type breeds above mentioned and local Chinese pigs.

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