Full Text:   <3695>

CLC number: S132

On-line Access: 

Received: 2006-10-20

Revision Accepted: 2007-01-26

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 5

Clicked: 6383

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2007 Vol.8 No.5 P.352-358


Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Gongronema latifolium

Author(s):  ELEYINMI Afolabi F.

Affiliation(s):  Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2P5, Canada; more

Corresponding email(s):   afeleyinmi@yahoo.co.uk

Key Words:  Gongronema latifolium, Chemical composition, Antibacterial activity

ELEYINMI Afolabi F.. Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Gongronema latifolium[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2007, 8(5): 352-358.

@article{title="Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Gongronema latifolium",
author="ELEYINMI Afolabi F.",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Gongronema latifolium
%A ELEYINMI Afolabi F.
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 8
%N 5
%P 352-358
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2007
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0352

T1 - Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Gongronema latifolium
A1 - ELEYINMI Afolabi F.
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 8
IS - 5
SP - 352
EP - 358
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2007
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0352

chemical composition of Gongronema latifolium leaves was determined using standard methods. Aqueous and methanol G. latifolium extracts were tested against thirteen pathogenic bacterial isolates. Crude protein, lipid extract, ash, crude fibre and nitrogen free extractives obtained are: 27.2%, 6.07%, 11.6%, 10.8% and 44.3% dry matter respectively. Potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus and cobalt contents are 332, 110, 115, 125 and 116 mg/kg respectively. Dominant essential amino acids are leucine, valine and phenylalanine. Aspartic acid, glutamic acid and glycine are 13.8%, 11.9% and 10.3% respectively of total amino acid. Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids are 50.2% and 39.4% of the oil respectively. Palmitic acid makes up 36% of the total fatty acid. Extracts show no activity against E. faecalis, Y. enterolytica, E. aerogenes, B. cereus and E. agglomerans. Methanol extracts were active against S. enteritidis, S. cholerasius ser typhimurium and P. aeruginosa (minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) 1 mg; zone of growth inhibition 7, 6.5 and 7 mm respectively). Aqueous extracts show activity against E. coli (MIC 5 mg) and P. aeruginosa (MIC 1 mg) while methanol extracts are active against P. aeruginosa and L. monocytogenes. G. latifolium has potential food and antibacterial uses.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Ahamefule, F.O., Obua, B.E., Ibeawuchi, J.A., Udosen, N.R., 2006. The nutritive value of some plants browsed by cattle in Umudike, southeastern Nigeria. Pakistan J. Nutr., 5(5):404-409.

[2] Ajayi, I.A., Oderinde, R.A., Kajogbola, D.O., Ukponi, J.U., 2006. Oil content and fatty acid composition of some underutilized legumes from Nigeria. Food Chem., 99(1):115-120.

[3] Akwaowo, E.U., Ndon, B.A., Etuk, E.U., 2000. Minerals and antinutrients in fluted pumpkin (Telfairia ccidentalis Hook f.). Food Chem., 70(2):235-240.

[4] Aletor, V.A., Adeogun, O.A., 1995. Nutrient and anti-nutrient components of some tropical leafy vegetables. Food Chem., 53(4):375-379.

[5] AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemist), 1990. Official Methods of Analysis, 15th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

[6] Apori, S.O., Long, R.J., Castro, F.B., Ørskov, E.R., 2000. Chemical composition and nutritive value of leaves and stems of tropical weed Chromolaena odorata. Grass and Forage Science, 55(1):77-81.

[7] Corlett, J.L., Clegg, M.S., Keen, C.L., Grivetti, L.E., 2002. Mineral content of culinary and medicinal plants cultivated by Hmong refugees living in Sacramento, California. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 53(2):117-128.

[8] Eleyinmi, A.F., Bressler, D.C., Amoo, I.A., Sporns, P., Oshodi, A.A., 2006. Chemical composition of bitter cola (Garcinia kola) seed and hull. Polish J. Food Nutr. Sci., 15/56(4):27-32.

[9] Farombi, E.O., 2003. African indigenous plants with chemotherapeutic potentials and biotechnological approach to the production of bioactive prophylactic agents. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 2(12):662-671.

[10] Glew, R.H., VandeJagt, D.J., Lockett, C., Grivetti, L.E., Smith, G.C., Pastuszyn, A., Millson, M., 1997. Amino acid, fatty acid and mineral composition of 24 indigenous plants of Burkina Faso. J. Food Comp. Anal., 10(3):205-217.

[11] Glew, R.S., VanderJagt, D.J., Huang, Y.S., Chuang, L.T., Bosse, R., Glew, R.H., 2004. Nutritional analysis of the edible pit of Sclerocarya birrea in the Republic of Niger (daniya, Hausa). J. Food Comp. Anal., 17(1):99-111.

[12] Hernández, N.E., Tereschuk, M.L., Abdala, L.R., 2000. Antimicrobial activity of flavonoids in medicinal plants from Tafi del Valle (Tucuman, Argentina). J. Ethnopharmacol., 73(1-2):317-322.

[13] Iqbal, A., Khalil, I.A., Ateeq, N., Khan, M.S., 2006. Nutritional quality of important food legumes. Food Chem., 97(2):331-335.

[14] Lauritzen, L., Hansen, H.S., Jorgensen, M.H., Michaelsen, K.F., 2001. The essentiality of long chain n-3 fatty acids in relation to development and function of the brain and retina. Prog. Lipid Res., 40(1-2):1-94.

[15] Morebise, O., Fafunso, M.A., 1998. Antimicrobial and phytotoxic activities of saponin extracts from two Nigerian edible medicinal plants. Biokemistri, 8(2):69-77.

[16] Morebise, O., Fafunso, M.A., Makinde, J.M., Olajide, O.A., Awe, E.O., 2002. Antiinflamatory property of the leaves of Gongronema latifolium. Phytother. Res., 16(s1): S75-S77.

[17] Ogundipe, O.O., Moody, J.O., Akinyemi, T.O., Raman, A., 2003. Hypoglycemic potentials of methanolic extracts of selected plant foods in alloxanized mice. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 58(3):1-7.

[18] Oshodi, A.A., Amoo, I.A., Eleyinmi, A.F., 2004. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous extracts of Vernonia amygdalina, Garcinia kola and Gongronema latifolium and their blends on some beer spoilage organisms. Technical Quarterly of the Master Brewers’ Association of the Americas, 41(4):398-402.

[19] Ross, I.A., 2001. Medicinal Plants of the World, Vol. 2: Chemical Constituents, Traditional and Modern Uses. Humane Press, Totowa NJ 07512, p.487.

[20] Schneider, C., Rotscheidt, K., Breitmaier, E., 1993. 4 new pregnane glycosides from Gongronema latifolium (Asckepiadaceae). Liebigs Annalen Der Chemie, 10:1057-1062.

[21] Sedgwick, G.W., Fenton, T.F., Thompson, J.R., 1991. Effect of protein precipitating agent on the recovery of plasma free amino acids. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 71:953-957.

[22] Ugochukwu, N.H., Babady, N.E., 2002. Antioxidant effects of Gongronema latifolium in hepatocytes of rat models of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Fitoterapia, 73(7-8):612-618.

[23] Ugochukwu, N.H., Babady, N.E., 2003. Antihyperglycemic effect of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Gongronema latifolium leaves on glucose and glycogen metabolism in livers of normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Life Sci., 73(15):1925-1938.

[24] Ugochukwu, N.H., Babady, N.E., Cobourne, M., Gasset, S.R., 2003. The effect of Gongronema latifolium leaf extract on serum lipid profile and oxidative stress of hepatocytes of diabetic rats. J. Biosci., 28:1-5.

[25] Whiteside, P.J., Milner, B.A., 1984. Pye Unicam Atomic Absorption Data Book, 6th Ed. Pye Unicam Ltd., Cambridge, England, p.72.

[26] WHO, 1985. Energy and Protein Requirements. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series, No. 724.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE